Early Signs of Heart attack and common medications to prevent it
No more waiting, take actions on personal care immediately if you have experienced any of these warning signs of heart attack. Though heart attacks are sudden and unexpected discomfort, it starts slowly with a mild pain over a period of time.
First of all, it is more important to understand how does the heart works to identify the signs if it is not working as desired. The heart has the hardest muscle in the body, which pumps the blood to supply oxygen and nutrients throughout the body and eliminate carbon dioxide and waste products from the body.
The average heart beats 100,000 times a day (day and night) that is, it ranges from 60 to 100 beats per minute depending on the physical conditions and age of the body. The number one killer disease in the United States is heart disease. It is responsible for more deaths in the U.S and affects estimated 14 million adults.
What is the link between heart disease and heart attack?
- The condition in which cholesterol, calcium, and fats accumulated in the arteries that supply blood to the heart are commonly known as heart disease named coronary artery disease (CAD).
- When the coronary artery is narrowed due to the blockage in blood flow to the heart which leads to lack of oxygen supply to the lungs and the person experiences the chest pain.
- In certain cases, when the fatty plaque that is caused by deposition of cholesterol in a coronary artery ruptures and it forms a blood clot in that area which blocks the flow of blood to the heart results in heart attack.
- Some heart attack may cause a sudden stop of the heart known as sudden cardiac arrest and the heart begin to beat in an abnormal rhythm resulting in death.
Risk factors of the heart attack:
- The common risk factors of the heart attack are high cholesterol followed by obesity.
- Diabetes and high blood pressure.
- For some extent, the heart disease is genetically transferred through close blood relatives too.
- Certain lifestyle choices may increase the risk of heart attacks such as eating a high-fat diet or irregular eating habits.
- Being more aggressive and impatient.
- Lack of physical activities and no fitness awareness.
- Emotionally weak or stressed out persons may have the higher risk of heart attack for that matter any disease when compared to all other factors.
What are the signs of heart attack?
- People with heart disease can identify the risk of heart attack when they are active that is during physical activities and exercise. They experience the heart attack symptoms such as,
- Shortness of breath
- Jaw pain
- Chest pain
- Back pain typically towards the left side
- Light headaches with nausea
- Irregular heartbeat and tiredness when at rest
- Abdominal pain
- A certain category of people don't experience the similar symptoms experienced due to heart disease, people with diabetes, old people and especially women feel malaise and fatigue conditions always as a symptom of heart attack.
How to detect the heart disease?
Test and Treatments:
- Electrocardiogram: Electric current is passed through the heart muscles to stimulate the contraction. People who are subjected to heart disease, the heart muscles do not conduct electricity. The ECG(Electrocardiogram) is a painless and quick test to detect the behavior of heart electrically, which detects many conditions of the heart such as,
- Current and past heart attack
- Cardiac inflammation
- Disturbances in heart rhythm
- Abnormalities of blood electrolyte
- Unstable angina (chest pain)
- Stress Test: As already mentioned symptoms of heart disease can be well identified during physical exertion or exercise because at stressed conditions the heart doesn't receive enough oxygen supply. The patient is examined while walking or running on a treadmill to detect the blockage in the coronary artery using EKG/ECG machine before, after and during the stress test which is 70% accurate.
- In certain conditions where the patient is unable to perform the stress test, the doctors use nuclear imaging or ultrasound to visualize the behavior of the heart.
- Echocardiography: Image of the heart created with sound waves to observe the function of the heart responding to the heart disease. It is used to observe the blood pumping ability of the heart.
- Computerized Tomography (CT scan): In this test, the detailed images of blood vessels is obtained using the X-rays which detects the narrowing of blood vessels and shows whether the person has heart disease or not.
- Coronary angiography: The superior test to detect and also treat the exact discomfort in the heart when compared to the other tests. Similar to CT scan the image of the heart is obtained through X-rays. During the test, the doctors insert a catheter into the heart which is then inserted into a vein in the groin. A Contrast inserted into the coronary arteries imaged with X-rays that shows location and maturity of blockage in coronary arteries.
How to treat a heart disease?
- There is no fixed method of treatment for heart disease it differs from person to person. The method of treatment includes medications along with lifestyle changes, diet, and exercise.
- Decrease strain on the heart by opening blood vessels through angio-tension converting enzymes.
- To reduce the blood pressure and strains in heart beta blockers are used.
- The efficiency or performance of heart is improved by the calcium channel blockers.
- Nitroglycerin increases the blood flow in the arteries.
- Fatty acids in the blood that increases the blood cholesterol level can be decreased by statins.
- Low dose aspirin therapy to lower the risk of heart attack.
- These are the common treatments to reduce the risk of heart attack, so it is must to counseled by a medical practitioner before implementing whereas herbal supplements or natural remedies don't require any counseling you can take it easy.
How to prevent the heart attack?
- The key to preventing the heart attack is to prevent heart disease by living a healthy lifestyle and taking healthy diet.
- Some genetically transferred heart disease cannot be controlled but risk factors can be modified.
- Healthy foods for heart includes fresh fruits and vegetables and cholesterol-lowering foods such as garlic, avocados, beans, soy, peas and olive oil. These foods can be taken as supplements but make sure that they are herbal supplements prepared from natural resources.
- Good cholesterol gives more energy which can be gained by eating nuts like almonds, walnuts, and pecans.
- It is advisable to take fishes once in a week to gain omega 3 fatty acids the best nutrient to have a healthy heart.
- Avoiding sugary foods prevents the heart disease and other chronic conditions.