Causes of abdominal pain and it's medications
Abdominal pain is generally the pain caused in the region between the pelvis and chest. The abdominal pain is caused usually due to digestion problems or any strain in the abdominal muscles, which is the mild pain. These pains may be resolved by simple treatments or basic stomach ache medicines.
Whereas, the abdominal pain with severe symptoms require proper medication and immediate treatment before it becomes a serious problem sometimes leads to organ failures too.
Most of the people refer abdominal pain just as a simple stomach ache, but the abdomen contains several other organs, muscles and blood vessels such as kidney, pancreas, spleen, intestines, liver, and gallbladder.
It is important to identify the specific reason for abdominal pain that occurs in different locations of the abdomen to categories less serious and more serious pains to take necessary medications required.
Conditions corresponding to abdominal pain:According to gastroenterologists, if you suffer from stomach pain more than 2 days, it is advisable to take stomach pain medicine or primary care by a physician. The symptoms accompanied with the stomach ache for which you should take immediate actions are vomiting blood or blood discharge during diarrhea, pain in chest, neck, shoulder during stomach ache, the abdomen is hard and stiff with very severe and sudden pain. The conditions that are associated with abdominal pain in different locations are as follows,
- Upper Right: If the pain occurs on the upper right side of the abdomen, it is the symptom of formation of gallstones, cholecystitis, stomach ulcer, duodenal ulcer, and hepatitis.
- Upper center: When you feel the pain exactly above your belly button it is because of heat burn or indigestion, hernia, and stomach or duodenal ulcer.
- Upper left: If it pains at the upper left corner of the abdomen, it is due to the functional dyspepsia, gastritis or pancreatitis and stomach ulcer.
- Middle right and left: The pain on middle and towards the right and left corners of abdomen leads to kidney stones, kidney infections, inflammatory bowel disease and especially Constipation.
- Middle center: Pain in the center of the stomach indicates that it is the symptom of causing an umbilical hernia, early appendicitis, stomach ulcer, inflammatory bowel disease and pancreatitis.
- Lower right: Pain in the region of pelvic results in pelvic pain (gyne), matured appendicitis and constipation.
- Lower center: Infection in the bladder, prostatitis, diverticulitis, inguinal hernia (groin pain), pelvic pain (gyne) as well as inflammatory bowel disease are the result of pain occurred below the umbilical cord space.
- Lower left: The pain on the lowermost part of abdomen towards the left ends up in irritable bowel syndrome along with pelvic pain and inguinal hernia.
What are the causes of pain in the abdomen?
- The causes of pain in the abdomen can be classified into three major categories such as less serious, more serious and gender-specific causes.
- Less serious causes are the pains caused due to intestinal gas, indigestion or menstrual cramps.
- Intestinal gas: Because of improper digestion or excessive intake of food may build up gas in the intestine leads to gastric trouble, this causes a discomfort or pain in the abdominal region which might get resolved in a course of time but persistence of these problems continuously over a certain period of time results in lactose intolerance (unable digest the sugar contained in the intaken milk or food).
- Indigestion: The digestive problems are usually less serious cause as it can be cured by simple counter medications or even through basic medicines if it lasts for less than a week. If it goes beyond a week of time than it has to be taken into account under serious cause because it may cause other serious health issues.
- Menstrual cramps: The abdominal pain experienced by women during the time of periods is due to menstrual cramps, usually accompanied with the pain in back and legs, vomiting sensations, and headaches which continues for several days.
- More serious causes of abdominal pain include Kidney stones, kidney infections, appendicitis, hernia, irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease.
- Kidney stones: Deposition of minerals and salts in the urinary tract or kidney is known as kidney stones which cause pain in the lower abdomen along with other symptoms such as blood in the urine, an urgency to urinate and pain while urinating, nausea and vomiting troubles.
- Kidney infections: The pain is less serious when compared to kidney stones but preventing medications to be taken regularly to avoid permanent failure of the organ. The symptoms associated with the lower back side abdomen pain for kidney infections include diarrhea, loss of appetite and nausea with fever.
- Appendicitis: when the pain is severe in the region of the lower right end of the abdomen the common cause is appendicitis, a tube-like structure attached to the large intestines is known as the appendix which when inflamed causes appendicitis. In certain cases, appendix removal is the only way to cure appendicitis.
- A hernia: A hernia is the formation of a small lump in the weakened part of the muscle which is pushed up by the internal wall of the muscles, usually occurs in the abdominal region. When lifting heavy weights the sourness around the lump is the severe condition of a hernia.
- Irritable bowel syndrome: The pain in abdomen associated with stomach cramps, gas, diarrhea and constipation is IBS, which is the chronic condition of the digestive system that medical practitioners claim no proper treatment to cure it.
- Inflammatory bowel disease: Similar to the IBS it refers to the abnormality in the digestive system which causes inflammation of the gut and pain in the abdomen which leads to rapid weight loss, tiredness, and diarrhea with blood.
- Gender-specific causes require immediate medical attention. There is a significant difference between male and female abdomen anatomically. There are some symptoms subjected to abdominal pain specifically in women and men such as ovarian cyst, ovarian torsion, ectopic pregnancy and endometriosis in women and testicular torsion, the inguinal hernia in men.
What can be done for abdominal pain?
- If you are not sure about the type of pain and symptoms associated with pain and proper medications, do contact the doctor or your personal physician before taking it some natural or home remedy on your own.
- Consume less or diet food
- Add a small amount of baking soda in your food.
- Have a lime drink when you prefer to have a juice or drink.
- Add banana or apple to your diet plan.
- Never smoke and reduce the alcohol consumption.
- Medical professionals recommend taking ginger, peppermint, licorice, chamomile tea to get relieved from abdominal pain.
- Bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol), Loperamide (I medium), ranitidine (Zantac) are the some of the well-known medications recommended to overcome abdominal pains and symptoms associated with it.
- Taking aspirin or other synthetic drugs before medications or primary care should be avoided as they result in worse conditions such as peptic ulcer and intestinal bleeding.
- Natural or herbal supplements would be a better choice of remedy to avoid these side effects.
- Change in lifestyle including food habits is the major cause of abdominal pain, eating a healthy diet, regular exercise and increasing the physical activities, reducing the consumption excess alcohol and maintaining personal and surrounding hygiene that is free from microbes may have very less chance of causing dizziness.