Diabetes mellitus symptoms - Treatment for type 1 and type 2
What is Diabetes mellitus
- Diabetes is a chronic disease that happens either when the pancreas does not create enough insulin or when the body cannot use the insulin it produces.
- Diabetes is a disorder characterized by impaired metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats because of inadequate or inefficient activity of insulin.
- Insulin may be a hormone that regulates blood sugar.
- “Diabetes” denotes a passer through a siphon while the "Mellitus" denotes "sweet".
- It is thought that the Greeks named it therefore because of the excessive and bees.
- The traditional manner of diagnosing diabetes amounts of urine created by diabetics attracted flies mellitus in ancient Chinese was by observing whether ants are attracted to a person's urine or not.
- In medieval ages, the European doctors tested for diabetes by tasting the urine themselves, a scene often depicted in Gothic beliefs.
Symptoms of Diabetes
A few people don't discover they have it until they get from long-term damage caused by the disease.
The notice signs can be so mild that you don't notice them.
- Frequent urination
- Disproportionate thirst
- Intense hunger
- Weight gain
- Unusual weight loss
- Increased fatigue
- Blurred vision
- Cuts and bruises don't heal properly or quickly
- More skin and/or yeast infections
- Itchy skin
- Gums are red or swollen
- Frequent gum disease/infection
- Sexual dysfunction among men
- Numbness or tingling, mostly in your feet and hands
Type 1 Diabets
Around 1.25 million Americans have type 1 diabetes and an estimated 40,000 individuals will be newly diagnosed each year in the U.S. Just around 5% of people with diabetes have type 1. It’s more in whites than in African-Americans. It affects both men and women. Although the disease usually starts in people under 20, it can occur at any age.
- Heavy thirst
- Increased hunger (especially after eating)
- Dry mouth
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain in your belly
- Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
- Blurred vision
- Heavy breathing (doctor will call this Kussmaul respiration)
- Frequent infections of the skin and vagina
- Shaking and confusion
- Rapid breathing
- Fruity smell to your breath
- Pain in your belly
Treatments for Type 1 Diabetes
- Most of the people with type 1 diabetes live long, healthy lives.
- The good way to be healthy is to keep your blood sugar levels within the range your doctor gives you.
- You’ll have to check them frequently and adjust insulin, food, and exercises to make that happen.
When your doctor discuss about insulin, he’ll mention three things:
- "Onset" is the Period of time before it reaches your bloodstream and starts lowering blood sugar.
- "Peak time" is the time when insulin is doing the work in terms of bringing down blood sugar.
- "Duration" is how extent it keeps working after onset
What Happens Without Treatment?
- Retinopathy - This eye problem happens in about 80% of adults who have had type 1 diabetes for over 15 years.
- Kidney damage - About 20% to 30% of type 1 diabetes people get a condition called nephropathy.
- Poor blood circulation and nerve damage - Damaged nerves and hardened arteries lead to a loss of sensation in and an absence of blood supply to your feet.
Treatments for Type 2 Diabetes
- But the truth is there's no cure for diabetes. Although lifestyle changes can do remission in type 2 diabetes in some cases
Are stem cells a possible cure for diabetes?
They hold promise, but they don't seem to be a treatment to cure the type 2 diabetes. Stem cells that can develop into other types of cells. Scientists have had some success.
WHAT DOES THE FUTURE HOLD?
The view is that the diabetes therapy should focus on delaying progression of the disease. Researchers are already speculating that microchips can diagnose diabetes type 1 before the symptoms appear or nanorobots traveling in the bloodstream while they measure glucose and deliver insulin. Whatever the future brings, without any doubt it will make a huge difference in the lives of millions of people worldwide.